Knowledge Base

TinyMCE editor

Last Modified:
01 Oct 2019
User Level:
Contributor

Description

When you are creating or editing HTML content in TERMINALFOUR, the default WYSIWYG HTML Editor is TinyMCE. With TinyMCE, all content editors, regardless of their HTML or CSS expertise, can apply advanced formatting to text content in Content Elements whose type is set to HTML. TinyMCE is compatible with most popular browsers; there's a full list of compatible browsers here.

Instances of the HTML Editor can be configured for users base on their requirements. 

TinyMCE will feel familiar to anyone who has used a popular word processing application. To apply formatting or add a link to text, select the text and choose the relevant option from the toolbar. TinyMCE generates the corresponding, standards-based HTML. If the option is enabled, an editor with HTML knowledge can even amend the source code directly within the editor (via Tools > Source Code in the Toolbar).

Your view when starting with TinyMCE begins with this screen image:

‌‌ The toolbar contents and functions are explained below.

An Administrator can use the HTML Editor feature to add and delete components. The Menu and toolbar may look slightly different for you.

TinyMCE toolbar

The controls comprise a top menu and icons on the toolbar. The toolbar setup here shows the basic icons and menus.

Menus and corresponding icons

Not all functions have toolbar icons. Most functions are listed in the drop-down menus.

MenuItemIconSubitemFurther subitemDescription / Shortcut
Edit Undo     Undoes the last operation.
  Redo     Redoes the last 'Undo' operation 
  Cut       Cuts the current selection into the clipboard.
Ctrl+X
  Copy       Copies the current selection into the clipboard. 
Ctrl+C
  Paste       Pastes the clipboard contents into the editor. 
Ctrl+V
  Paste as text       Removes formatting from clipboard text and pastes as plain text. 
  Select all       Selects all the editor contents.
Ctrl+A
  Find and replace       Search and/or Replaces contents within the editor. Ctrl+F
Insert     
  Insert image       Insert an image using a published URL.
  Insert link Insert Section link   Inserts a link to a Section.
      Insert Content link   Inserts a link to a Content item.
      Insert/edit external link   Inserts a link to an external URL.
      Insert anchor   Inserts an anchor to link to a specific part of a page.
  Insert date/time       Inserts the current date/time.
  Horizontal line       Inserts a horizontal rule into the editor.
View     
  Show blocks       Toggles the visibility of block elements.
  Show invisible characters       Toggles the visibility of non-breaking character elements.
  Visual aids       Toggles the visual aids for invisible elements.
  Fullscreen       Toggles fullscreen mode.
Ctrl+Alt+F
Format     
  Bold     Bolds the current selection.
Ctrl+B
  Italic    

Italicises the current selection.

  Underline     Underlines the current selection.
  Strikethrough       Applies strike though format to the current selection.
  Superscript       Applies superscript format to the current selection.
  Subscript       Applies subscript format to the current selection.
  Formats   Headings Heading 1 Changes text to Heading 1. Ctrl + 1
        Heading 2 Changes text to Heading 2. Ctrl + 2
        Heading 3 Changes text to Heading 3. Ctrl + 3
        Heading 4 Changes text to Heading 4. Ctrl + 4
        Heading 5 Changes text to Heading 5. Ctrl + 5
        Heading 6 Changes text to Heading 6. Ctrl + 6
    Inline Bold Applies the bold format to the current selection.
Ctrl+B
      Italic Applies the italic format to the current selection.
Ctrl+I
      Underline Applies the underline format to the current selection.
Ctrl+U
        Strikethrough Applies strikethrough format to the current selection.
        Superscript Applies superscript format to the current selection.
        Subscript Applies subscript format to the current selection.
        Code Applies a monospaced font to the current selection.
      Blocks Paragraph Applies a paragraph format to the current block level element.
        Blockquote Applies block quote format to the current block level element.
        Div Adds a div tag or wraps the selection with a div to create a block level element.
        Pre Adds pre and code tags around the current selection to create a code block.
    Alignment Left Left-aligns the current block or image.
      Center Center-aligns the current block or image.
      Right Right-aligns the current block or image.
      Justify Justifies the current block or image.
  Clear formatting       Removes the inline styles and formatting from the current selection.
Table     
  Insert table       See Insert Table
  Table properties        
  Delete table        
  Cell   Cell properties    
      Merge cells    
      Split cell    
  Row   Insert row before    
      Insert row after    
      Delete row    
      Row properties    
      Cut row    
      Copy row    
      Paste row before    
      Paste row after    
  Column   Insert column before    
      Insert column after    
      Delete column    
Tools     
  Spellcheck     Spellchecks the current editor contents.
  Source code       Opens the source code viewer.

Icons that don't have a menu option

ItemIconDescription
bullet list Formats the current selection as an unordered bullet list.
number list Formats the current selection as an ordered number list.
outdent Outdents the current list item or block element.
indent Indents the current list item or block element.
unlink Removes links from the current selection.
Insert Media Opens the insert media dialog to add images from the Media Library.
Remove formatting

Removes formatting and markup (apart from paragraph elements) from selected content.
If no content is selected then formatting is removed from all content.

In versions before 8.3 this was labelled "Remove all formatting" and removed formatting from all content.

The word count is displayed in the bottom right of the status bar.

Imported formats

When copying and pasting content from an external source (such as MS Word or Excel), all proprietary formatting and tags are changed to their HTML equivalent. When there is no HTML equivalent the formatting is removed.

Formatting is especially important for people using a screen reader. If not applied correctly, screen readers might not interpret the content as intended. 
Have a look at this primer on HTML and Accessibility.

Spell Check

If you have used versions previous to Version 8, there are changes to the Spellcheck functionality. You can still click a button to scan the content for misspelled words, but the popup screen is no longer used. The on-screen function is more up-to-date and similar to other system's spell check methods.

At any point, you can click the ABC√ button to run a spell check of the text. Red lines indicate misspelled words. To fix errors, click the pointer on the word. An on-screen popup window appears and shows possible correct spellings. In our example, the misspelled word is 'lazzy' - the system suggests the correct spelling is 'lazy'. To correct the word click 'lazy' and the text repairs to the correct spelling.

Options

  1. Add to dictionary - when there is an instance of a word spelled differently than the one in the dictionary but is correct in its usage, you can choose to add the word to the dictionary. An example might be the spelling of script names, or the use of an abbreviation - as in "StateU", or a made-up word "kegathon". Use this option where you will be repeating the term throughout the content.
  2. Ignore - ignore this occurrence
  3. Ignore all - ignore all uses of the word throughout the text
  4. Finish - click when you have completed the spellcheck (at any time during the process)

Find and Replace

  • Find - enter the word to search for
  • Replace with - enter the word to replace
  • Match case - check if you want to distinguish instances of the word in upper/lower cases
  • Whole words - search only whole words
  • Command buttons - Find - Replace - Replace all - Prev - Next - use as needed to complete the task.

Insert Table

To insert a table, click Table on the toolbar menu. This screen opens:

1. In this example, a 4x4 table has been chosen to insert. The maximum setting from the template is a 10x10 table.

2. Click the lowest right corner box to insert.

3. As there is no content, the table is collapsed. To expand, click and drag a corner to a convenient starting size. You can adjust after filling with content. See below for instructions on Cell Properties and Row Properties (there are no Column Properties).

Table Properties

General

Advanced

From Version 8.3 there's a "CSS class" option in the "Advanced" tab so you can add classes to your table

It's recommended that visual styling is applied in your stylesheet with CSS rather than the inline styles that are applied here.
Check out this article on table styling with CSS for some tips.

Cell Properties

For Cell properties:

1. Right-click from within a cell

2. From the toolbar: Table > Cell > Cell Properties. This popup appears:

General

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Advanced

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Row Properties

For Cell properties:

1. Right-click from within a cell

2. From the toolbar: Table > Row > Row properties. This popup appears:

General

1. Row type - choose from Header, Body, or Footer (in Advanced you can also set colors.)

Advanced

Footer

Located in the footer status bar of the editor is a descriptor corresponding to the location of the cursor/pointer. This is similar to breadcrumbs as there can be several elements to the descriptor. Each element is linked to a point on the page. Click the last element (td) and that area is highlighted. For example, here is a descriptor indicating where the cursor is located in a cell in the table:

This is a textual reference for an unordered list - click the last element (li):‌